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SENTINEL TRIBUNE FAITH & FAMILY Wednesday, January 2, 2013 Page 5 CHURCH SEI00 VICES WESTBROOK CHURCHES IMMANUEL BAPTIST CHURCH Westbrook, MN 507-274-5556 Pastor Rob Adams Sunday, January 6 Worship/Comm. 9:30 a.m. Sunday School 10:45 a.m. Noon meal/afternoon ser- vice Wednesday, January 9 Prayer meeting 7:00 p.m. King's Kids 7:00 p.m. ST. ANTHONY'S CATHOLIC CHURCH Westbrook, MN Father Andrew Vogel 507-274-5946 Sunday, January 6 Mass 10:30 a.m. Wednesday, January 9 Mass 8:30 a.m. PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH Westbrook, MN Keith Carey, CLP Saturday, January 5 Worship 3:00 p.m. GRACE LUTHERAN CHURCH Westbrook, MN Pastor David Danner Wednesday, January 2 Womens Bbl. sty. 10:00 a.m. Mens Bible study 6:00 p.m. Adult Choir 7:00 p.m. Thursday, January 3 Sewing meetinbg 10:00 a.m. Sunday, January 6 Sunday school 9:00 a.m. Worship/Comm. 10:15 a.m. Undecorating/potluck dinner Tuesday, January 8 Text study 10:00 a.m. Council meeting 7:30 p.m. TRINITY EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN CHURCH Westbrook, MN Interim Pastor Gene Alms Sunday, January 6 Coffee hour 9:00 a.m. Sunday school 9:00 a.m. Worship 10:00 a.m. Monday, January 7 :,  WELCA 9:00 a.m. Tuesday, January 8 Text study Wednesday, January 9 Confirmation 3:30 p.m. Boards meet 6:00 p.m. Council meeting 6:30 p.m. Jt. council meeting7:30 p.m. WALNUT GROVE CHURCHES CHURCH OF ST. PAUL Walnut Grove, MN Administrator Nancy Hewitt 1600 Knollwood Drive Thursday, January 3 Worthington, MN Mass 8:30 a.m. Sunday, January 6 Saturday, January 5 Sacrament mtg. 10:00 a.m. Confessions 8:30 a.m. SS/Primary 11:15 a.m. Confessions 5:00 p.m. Priesthood/Relief Mass 5:30 p.m. Soc./Young Women 12:10 p.m. HERITAGE BAPTIST BIBLE CHURCH Walnut Grove, MN Phone 859-2519 Dr. Max D. Younce, Pastor Sunday, January 6 Worship & SS 10:00 a.m. Worship 6:00 p.m. Teen Age Youth Group - Thursdays 7:00 p.m. Radio - Sunday Mornings - 8:00 to 8:30 on K-JOE FM, 106.1 FM Pipestone UNITED METHODIST CHURCH Walnut Grove, MN Pastor Ken Haack Sunday, January 6 Worship 9:30 a.m. Fellowship 10:30 a.m. Sunday School/E 10:40 a.m. TRINITY EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN CHURCH Walnut Grove, MN Trevor Bailey Sunday, January 6 Worship/Comm 9:30 p.m. Coffee Coffee ENGLISH LUTHERAN CHURCH Walnut Grove, MN Pastor Timothy Holt Thursday, January 3 WELCA Board 8:30 a.m. Sunday, January 6 Worship/Comm 8:30 a.m. ST. OLAF LUTHERAN CHURCH Walnut Grove, MN Pastor Timothy Holt Sunday, January 6 Sunday School 9:30 a.m. Worship/Comm 10:30 a.m. THE CHURCH OF JESUS CHRIST OF LATTER-DAY SAINTS Branch President Don Jones .... 50%532-369 1401 E. Lyon Sreet Marshall, MN Wednesday, January 2 Scouts/Young Women Activity 7:00 p .m. Sunday, January 6 Sacrament Mtg 10:00 a.m. SS/Primary lh15 a.m. Priesthood/Relief Soc./ Young Women 12:10 p.m. THE CHURCH OF JESUS CHRIST OF LATTER-DAY SAINTS Branch President Ethan Bates 507-376-5798 Church Directory Sponsors Good Samaritan Society Westbrook In Christ's Love, Everyone Is Someone. Your local long-term care provider since 1961149 First Ave, Westbrook, MN 56183 507-274-6155 Greenwood Nursery "Most complete Garden & Landscape Center in S.W. Minnesota" S. 4th Street Ph. 629-3485 Tracy Hwy. 23 Ph. 532-9430 Marshal Knakmuhs Agency 507-859-2154 Walnut Grove, MN 507-274-5962 Westbrook, MN Koblegard Auto 859-2220 Walnut Grove, MN Maynard's, Inc Westbrook, MN 507-274-5555 Sentinel Tribune Westbrook, MN Phone 274-6136 1-800-410-1859 OTHER CHURCHES STORDEN BAPTIST CHURCH Pastor David Johnson Sunday, January 6 Sunday School 9:15 a.m. Fellowship 10:00 a.m. Worship/Comm 10:30 a.m. BETHANY LUTHERAN CHURCH Storden, MN Pastor Cole McCormick Sunday, January 6 Worship 10:30 a.m. JEFFERS BAPTIST CHURCH Pastor Marvin Pederson 507-628-4924 Sunday, January 6 Worship 9:30 a.m. S.S. (all ages) 10:30 a.m. Worship 7:00 p.m. IHM CATHOLIC CHURCH Currie, MN Father Andrew Vogel Saturday, January 5 Mass 5:00 p.m. ST. GABRIEL CATHOLIC CHURCH Fulda, MN Father Andrew Vogel Parish Center 507-425-2369 Sunday, January 6 Mass 8:30 a.m. OUR SAVIOR'S LUTHERAN CHURCH Dovray, MN Interim Pastor Gene Aim Thursday, January 3 Circles meet 1:30 p.m. Sunday, January 6 Worship 8:30 a.m. Tuesday, January 8 Text study " wednesday, January 9 Confirmation 3:30 p.m. Boards meet 6:00 p.m. Council meeting 6:30 p.m. Jt. council meeting7:30 p.m. OLD WESTBROOK LUTHERAN CHURCH Pastor Mike Stangeland Wednesday, January 2 Confirmation 3:30 p.m. Thursday, January 3 WELCA 1:30 p.m. Divine Drama 7:00 p.m. Friday, January 4 Divine Drama 9:00 a.m. Sunday, January 6 Sunday School 9:15 a.m. Worship 10:30 a.m. Bible study/HW 7:00 p.m. Monday, January 7 Council meeting 7:30 p.m. Wednesday, January 9 Confirmation 3:30 p.m. HIGHWATER LUTHERAN CHURCH Pastor Mike Stangeland Wednesday, January 2 Confirmation 3:30 p.m. Council meeting 7:30 p.m. Thursday, January 3 Divine Drama Friday, January 4 Divine Drama Sunday, January 6 Worship Sunday School Bible Study Wednesday, January 9 Confirmation 3:30 p.m. 7:00 p.m. 9:00 a.m. 9:00 a.m. 10:15 a.m. CLASSIFIED ADS SMALL PRICE Sentinel Tribune available at: Hoyt Oil &Convenience Bubai Grocery Thrifty White Phormacy Maynard's Grocery ExpressWay Shady Drive-Inn I I II CLUB NOTES TOPS WESTBROOK -- TOPS Club No. 1336 meets at Grace Lutheran Church, Westbrook, on Monday. Weigh-in from 8:30 - 9:00 a.m. Former members and new members are always welcome. For more informa- tion, call Helen Amundson at 507-274-5113. RSVP Bone Builder WESTBROOK -- RSVP Bone Builder classes meet every Monday and Wednesday at 9:30 a.m. in the Peterson Estates dining room. Red Rock Sportsman's Club STORDEN -- Red Rock Sportsman's Club will meet Wednesday, January 9 at 7:30 p.m. at Storden Legion. The Compassionate Friends Our monthly meetings are on the second Monday, January 14, evening each month at 7:00 p.m. at the Business, Arts & Recreation Center (BARC) building, Windom, MN. We are a non-profit self-help support source for families who have experienced the death of a child of any age from any cause, whether recently or some time ago. Singles dance PIPESTONE -- Beginning Experience of Southwest Minnesota, a non-profit support group for divorced and wid- owed people, is sponsor- ing a Singles dance Saturday, January 5, 2013, from 8:30 p.m. to 12:30 a.m. at the American Legion Hall, 117 S. Hiawatha, Pipestone, MN. Music will be provided by Gerry Buse. All singles and alumni 21 and over are welcome. Pause... and Consider By Pastor Rob Adams The Agony of the Cross My God, my God, why have you forsaken me? Why are you so far from helping me, and from the words of my roaring? (Psalm 22:1) 'This is a psalm we should read reverently, putting our shoes from offour feet, as Moses did at the burning bush, for if there be holy ground anywhere in the Scripture it is in this Psalm.' (C. H. Spurgeon) As we begin our eighth year of publication, we continue our consideration of Psalm 22. Previously we noted two things conceming Jesus' personal suffering. First, He was forsaken by the Father (1-4). Second, He was crucified by Mankind (12- 18). Today we wish to focus upon the crucifixion so clearly depicted by David many years before it actually occurred. There are several phrases which are quite poignant, Perhaps they are summarized as Jesus describes His experience as one writhing on the cross (6): But I am a worm, and no man; a reproach of men, and despised of the people. Jesus, the Christ, appears as a living skeleton (14-17): I am poured out like water. This would refer to His total physical exhaustion. All my bones are out of joint. This would result from the force of the thrusting of the cross into the ground. My heart is melted like wax. If the heart of the Lion of Judah melted in the hands of God, how will those in hell respond? We are reminded of the words from Hebrews: It is a fearful thing to fall into the hands of the living God. Furthermore, He says: My strength is dried up like a pot- sherd. Like a broken piece of pottery that has been baked in the fire until every drop of moisture is driven out, Jesus experi- enced the physical heat of the sun and the fire of God's wrath for our sin. My tongue cleaves to my mouth. He was festered and parched so that He could hardly speak. You have brought me into the dust of death. It is as though Jesus has used every ounce of strength to wrestle in the dust with the Evil One. They pierced my hands and my feet. Crucifixion had not yet been invented when David penned these words, so likely he was unaware of the scope of his writing. Crucifixion is a perhaps the most excruciating death ever devised. I may tell all my bones; they look and stare upon me. So emaciated was He that He could see and count His own bones. Dear friend, do you see Him bleeding and dying for you, for your sin? Jesus Christ died for the sins of the whole world. More pointedly, Jesus Christ died for your sins. He has paid the price, taken the punishment, becoming your substitute, so that you would never have to face such a fate. Then He rose from the dead to promise victory over sin, death, and hell. What is it that you need to do in order for Jesus' death upgn the cross of calvary to become effective for you? Repefit of your sin, and place your full trust in Christ alone. Recognize that there is nothing you can do to cleanse your soul. Turn from your sinfulness, and trust with all your heart that Jesus can, and will forgive you completely. So many of us are trying to please God by being the best we can. We can never be good enough. 'Jesus paid it all; all to Him I owe. Sin had left a crimson stain; He washed it white as snow.' Place your trust in Him, and begin the New Year as a new creation. www.ibcwestbrook.org Weekly Science Quiz by Douglas Clark Space: The Misunderstood Frontier This week I am going to deal with some popular mis- conceptions about space and the Universe in general. Next week I will tackle the Big Bang theory. First off, we must realize that when we look out in space we are looking back in time. It takes a long time for the light from distant objects in the Universe to reach us. Light from the Sun takes eight minutes to reach us, and light from nearby stars takes years. Distant galaxies are seen as they looked millions or even billions of years ago. Galaxies extend out far beyond what we can see today, but how far no one knows. Because the Universe has been evolving and expanding over time, most of the light from the distant reaches of the Universe has not yet had time to reach us. As far as we can tell, there is no edge to the Universe. Galaxies extend as far as we can detect in every direction with no sign of diminishing. Even though galaxies extend much further than we can see, we don't know if the Universe is infmite. So when a galaxy is described as being near the edge of the Universe, what is really meant is that it is near the edge of the observ- able Universe. Until Einstein showed that space has structure, astrono- mers thought of space as just the emptiness that contains matter. But Einstein showed that space is flexible and can be warped with his general theory of relativity. Now when we talk about the expansion of the Universe, we are referring to the stretching of space itself-- not just galaxies moving apart through space. The notion that space is expanding was predicted by Einstein's theory of gravita- tion which describes a simple but universal relationship between matter, space and time. It was a prediction that Einstein initially couldn't embrace. He modified his theory by adding a term to achieve a static Universe that he called a cosmological con- stant. Later, after observa- tional evidence by Edwin Hubble indicated that the Universe was indeed expand- ing, Einstein abandoned his constant calling it his biggest blunder. Today, we know that not only is the Universe expand- ing, but that it is expanding at an ever-accelerating rate. Cosmologists use the term "dark energy" to explain this mysterious force that Einstein had embraced, then discard- ed. The best explanation we have today for dark energy is that it is a vacuum energy associated with virtual parti- cles--quantum fluctuations which produce particle pairs that blink into existence and then annihilate in a times pan too short to measure. This happens everywhere, throughout the Universe. But there is a big problem with this theory--vacuum energy is far too weak to account for the acceleration of the expan- sion of the Universe. One thing is clear---discovering the properties of space remains one of the core prob- lems of modem science. 1) True or false: Space is simply the emptiness that contains matter. 2) Einstein's theory of gravitation describes a rela- tionship between space, time and ??? 3) True or false: Vacuum energy is an underlying ener- gy that permeates all of space. 4) The nature of ??? is mysterious and thought to be responsible for the accelerat- ing expansion of the Universe. 5) Einstein describes his cosmological constant as ???. a) a shining achievement b) his biggest blunder c) a term needed to describe an expanding Universe. Answers on page 2 Copyright (C) 2013 Weekly Science Quiz All rights reserved. SENTINEL TRIBUNE FAITH & FAMILY Wednesday, January 2, 2013 Page 5 CHURCH SEI00 VICES WESTBROOK CHURCHES IMMANUEL BAPTIST CHURCH Westbrook, MN 507-274-5556 Pastor Rob Adams Sunday, January 6 Worship/Comm. 9:30 a.m. Sunday School 10:45 a.m. Noon meal/afternoon ser- vice Wednesday, January 9 Prayer meeting 7:00 p.m. King's Kids 7:00 p.m. ST. ANTHONY'S CATHOLIC CHURCH Westbrook, MN Father Andrew Vogel 507-274-5946 Sunday, January 6 Mass 10:30 a.m. Wednesday, January 9 Mass 8:30 a.m. PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH Westbrook, MN Keith Carey, CLP Saturday, January 5 Worship 3:00 p.m. GRACE LUTHERAN CHURCH Westbrook, MN Pastor David Danner Wednesday, January 2 Womens Bbl. sty. 10:00 a.m. Mens Bible study 6:00 p.m. Adult Choir 7:00 p.m. Thursday, January 3 Sewing meetinbg 10:00 a.m. Sunday, January 6 Sunday school 9:00 a.m. Worship/Comm. 10:15 a.m. Undecorating/potluck dinner Tuesday, January 8 Text study 10:00 a.m. Council meeting 7:30 p.m. TRINITY EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN CHURCH Westbrook, MN Interim Pastor Gene Alms Sunday, January 6 Coffee hour 9:00 a.m. Sunday school 9:00 a.m. Worship 10:00 a.m. Monday, January 7 :,  WELCA 9:00 a.m. Tuesday, January 8 Text study Wednesday, January 9 Confirmation 3:30 p.m. Boards meet 6:00 p.m. Council meeting 6:30 p.m. Jt. council meeting7:30 p.m. WALNUT GROVE CHURCHES CHURCH OF ST. PAUL Walnut Grove, MN Administrator Nancy Hewitt 1600 Knollwood Drive Thursday, January 3 Worthington, MN Mass 8:30 a.m. Sunday, January 6 Saturday, January 5 Sacrament mtg. 10:00 a.m. Confessions 8:30 a.m. SS/Primary 11:15 a.m. Confessions 5:00 p.m. Priesthood/Relief Mass 5:30 p.m. Soc./Young Women 12:10 p.m. HERITAGE BAPTIST BIBLE CHURCH Walnut Grove, MN Phone 859-2519 Dr. Max D. Younce, Pastor Sunday, January 6 Worship & SS 10:00 a.m. Worship 6:00 p.m. Teen Age Youth Group - Thursdays 7:00 p.m. Radio - Sunday Mornings - 8:00 to 8:30 on K-JOE FM, 106.1 FM Pipestone UNITED METHODIST CHURCH Walnut Grove, MN Pastor Ken Haack Sunday, January 6 Worship 9:30 a.m. Fellowship 10:30 a.m. Sunday School/E 10:40 a.m. TRINITY EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN CHURCH Walnut Grove, MN Trevor Bailey Sunday, January 6 Worship/Comm 9:30 p.m. Coffee Coffee ENGLISH LUTHERAN CHURCH Walnut Grove, MN Pastor Timothy Holt Thursday, January 3 WELCA Board 8:30 a.m. Sunday, January 6 Worship/Comm 8:30 a.m. ST. OLAF LUTHERAN CHURCH Walnut Grove, MN Pastor Timothy Holt Sunday, January 6 Sunday School 9:30 a.m. Worship/Comm 10:30 a.m. THE CHURCH OF JESUS CHRIST OF LATTER-DAY SAINTS Branch President Don Jones .... 50%532-369 1401 E. Lyon Sreet Marshall, MN Wednesday, January 2 Scouts/Young Women Activity 7:00 p .m. Sunday, January 6 Sacrament Mtg 10:00 a.m. SS/Primary lh15 a.m. Priesthood/Relief Soc./ Young Women 12:10 p.m. THE CHURCH OF JESUS CHRIST OF LATTER-DAY SAINTS Branch President Ethan Bates 507-376-5798 Church Directory Sponsors Good Samaritan Society Westbrook In Christ's Love, Everyone Is Someone. Your local long-term care provider since 1961149 First Ave, Westbrook, MN 56183 507-274-6155 Greenwood Nursery "Most complete Garden & Landscape Center in S.W. Minnesota" S. 4th Street Ph. 629-3485 Tracy Hwy. 23 Ph. 532-9430 Marshal Knakmuhs Agency 507-859-2154 Walnut Grove, MN 507-274-5962 Westbrook, MN Koblegard Auto 859-2220 Walnut Grove, MN Maynard's, Inc Westbrook, MN 507-274-5555 Sentinel Tribune Westbrook, MN Phone 274-6136 1-800-410-1859 OTHER CHURCHES STORDEN BAPTIST CHURCH Pastor David Johnson Sunday, January 6 Sunday School 9:15 a.m. Fellowship 10:00 a.m. Worship/Comm 10:30 a.m. BETHANY LUTHERAN CHURCH Storden, MN Pastor Cole McCormick Sunday, January 6 Worship 10:30 a.m. JEFFERS BAPTIST CHURCH Pastor Marvin Pederson 507-628-4924 Sunday, January 6 Worship 9:30 a.m. S.S. (all ages) 10:30 a.m. Worship 7:00 p.m. IHM CATHOLIC CHURCH Currie, MN Father Andrew Vogel Saturday, January 5 Mass 5:00 p.m. ST. GABRIEL CATHOLIC CHURCH Fulda, MN Father Andrew Vogel Parish Center 507-425-2369 Sunday, January 6 Mass 8:30 a.m. OUR SAVIOR'S LUTHERAN CHURCH Dovray, MN Interim Pastor Gene Aim Thursday, January 3 Circles meet 1:30 p.m. Sunday, January 6 Worship 8:30 a.m. Tuesday, January 8 Text study " wednesday, January 9 Confirmation 3:30 p.m. Boards meet 6:00 p.m. Council meeting 6:30 p.m. Jt. council meeting7:30 p.m. OLD WESTBROOK LUTHERAN CHURCH Pastor Mike Stangeland Wednesday, January 2 Confirmation 3:30 p.m. Thursday, January 3 WELCA 1:30 p.m. Divine Drama 7:00 p.m. Friday, January 4 Divine Drama 9:00 a.m. Sunday, January 6 Sunday School 9:15 a.m. Worship 10:30 a.m. Bible study/HW 7:00 p.m. Monday, January 7 Council meeting 7:30 p.m. Wednesday, January 9 Confirmation 3:30 p.m. HIGHWATER LUTHERAN CHURCH Pastor Mike Stangeland Wednesday, January 2 Confirmation 3:30 p.m. Council meeting 7:30 p.m. Thursday, January 3 Divine Drama Friday, January 4 Divine Drama Sunday, January 6 Worship Sunday School Bible Study Wednesday, January 9 Confirmation 3:30 p.m. 7:00 p.m. 9:00 a.m. 9:00 a.m. 10:15 a.m. CLASSIFIED ADS SMALL PRICE Sentinel Tribune available at: Hoyt Oil &Convenience Bubai Grocery Thrifty White Phormacy Maynard's Grocery ExpressWay Shady Drive-Inn I I II CLUB NOTES TOPS WESTBROOK -- TOPS Club No. 1336 meets at Grace Lutheran Church, Westbrook, on Monday. Weigh-in from 8:30 - 9:00 a.m. Former members and new members are always welcome. For more informa- tion, call Helen Amundson at 507-274-5113. RSVP Bone Builder WESTBROOK -- RSVP Bone Builder classes meet every Monday and Wednesday at 9:30 a.m. in the Peterson Estates dining room. Red Rock Sportsman's Club STORDEN -- Red Rock Sportsman's Club will meet Wednesday, January 9 at 7:30 p.m. at Storden Legion. The Compassionate Friends Our monthly meetings are on the second Monday, January 14, evening each month at 7:00 p.m. at the Business, Arts & Recreation Center (BARC) building, Windom, MN. We are a non-profit self-help support source for families who have experienced the death of a child of any age from any cause, whether recently or some time ago. Singles dance PIPESTONE -- Beginning Experience of Southwest Minnesota, a non-profit support group for divorced and wid- owed people, is sponsor- ing a Singles dance Saturday, January 5, 2013, from 8:30 p.m. to 12:30 a.m. at the American Legion Hall, 117 S. Hiawatha, Pipestone, MN. Music will be provided by Gerry Buse. All singles and alumni 21 and over are welcome. Pause... and Consider By Pastor Rob Adams The Agony of the Cross My God, my God, why have you forsaken me? Why are you so far from helping me, and from the words of my roaring? (Psalm 22:1) 'This is a psalm we should read reverently, putting our shoes from offour feet, as Moses did at the burning bush, for if there be holy ground anywhere in the Scripture it is in this Psalm.' (C. H. Spurgeon) As we begin our eighth year of publication, we continue our consideration of Psalm 22. Previously we noted two things conceming Jesus' personal suffering. First, He was forsaken by the Father (1-4). Second, He was crucified by Mankind (12- 18). Today we wish to focus upon the crucifixion so clearly depicted by David many years before it actually occurred. There are several phrases which are quite poignant, Perhaps they are summarized as Jesus describes His experience as one writhing on the cross (6): But I am a worm, and no man; a reproach of men, and despised of the people. Jesus, the Christ, appears as a living skeleton (14-17): I am poured out like water. This would refer to His total physical exhaustion. All my bones are out of joint. This would result from the force of the thrusting of the cross into the ground. My heart is melted like wax. If the heart of the Lion of Judah melted in the hands of God, how will those in hell respond? We are reminded of the words from Hebrews: It is a fearful thing to fall into the hands of the living God. Furthermore, He says: My strength is dried up like a pot- sherd. Like a broken piece of pottery that has been baked in the fire until every drop of moisture is driven out, Jesus experi- enced the physical heat of the sun and the fire of God's wrath for our sin. My tongue cleaves to my mouth. He was festered and parched so that He could hardly speak. You have brought me into the dust of death. It is as though Jesus has used every ounce of strength to wrestle in the dust with the Evil One. They pierced my hands and my feet. Crucifixion had not yet been invented when David penned these words, so likely he was unaware of the scope of his writing. Crucifixion is a perhaps the most excruciating death ever devised. I may tell all my bones; they look and stare upon me. So emaciated was He that He could see and count His own bones. Dear friend, do you see Him bleeding and dying for you, for your sin? Jesus Christ died for the sins of the whole world. More pointedly, Jesus Christ died for your sins. He has paid the price, taken the punishment, becoming your substitute, so that you would never have to face such a fate. Then He rose from the dead to promise victory over sin, death, and hell. What is it that you need to do in order for Jesus' death upgn the cross of calvary to become effective for you? Repefit of your sin, and place your full trust in Christ alone. Recognize that there is nothing you can do to cleanse your soul. Turn from your sinfulness, and trust with all your heart that Jesus can, and will forgive you completely. So many of us are trying to please God by being the best we can. We can never be good enough. 'Jesus paid it all; all to Him I owe. Sin had left a crimson stain; He washed it white as snow.' Place your trust in Him, and begin the New Year as a new creation. www.ibcwestbrook.org Weekly Science Quiz by Douglas Clark Space: The Misunderstood Frontier This week I am going to deal with some popular mis- conceptions about space and the Universe in general. Next week I will tackle the Big Bang theory. First off, we must realize that when we look out in space we are looking back in time. It takes a long time for the light from distant objects in the Universe to reach us. Light from the Sun takes eight minutes to reach us, and light from nearby stars takes years. Distant galaxies are seen as they looked millions or even billions of years ago. Galaxies extend out far beyond what we can see today, but how far no one knows. Because the Universe has been evolving and expanding over time, most of the light from the distant reaches of the Universe has not yet had time to reach us. As far as we can tell, there is no edge to the Universe. Galaxies extend as far as we can detect in every direction with no sign of diminishing. Even though galaxies extend much further than we can see, we don't know if the Universe is infmite. So when a galaxy is described as being near the edge of the Universe, what is really meant is that it is near the edge of the observ- able Universe. Until Einstein showed that space has structure, astrono- mers thought of space as just the emptiness that contains matter. But Einstein showed that space is flexible and can be warped with his general theory of relativity. Now when we talk about the expansion of the Universe, we are referring to the stretching of space itself-- not just galaxies moving apart through space. The notion that space is expanding was predicted by Einstein's theory of gravita- tion which describes a simple but universal relationship between matter, space and time. It was a prediction that Einstein initially couldn't embrace. He modified his theory by adding a term to achieve a static Universe that he called a cosmological con- stant. Later, after observa- tional evidence by Edwin Hubble indicated that the Universe was indeed expand- ing, Einstein abandoned his constant calling it his biggest blunder. Today, we know that not only is the Universe expand- ing, but that it is expanding at an ever-accelerating rate. Cosmologists use the term "dark energy" to explain this mysterious force that Einstein had embraced, then discard- ed. The best explanation we have today for dark energy is that it is a vacuum energy associated with virtual parti- cles--quantum fluctuations which produce particle pairs that blink into existence and then annihilate in a times pan too short to measure. This happens everywhere, throughout the Universe. But there is a big problem with this theory--vacuum energy is far too weak to account for the acceleration of the expan- sion of the Universe. One thing is clear---discovering the properties of space remains one of the core prob- lems of modem science. 1) True or false: Space is simply the emptiness that contains matter. 2) Einstein's theory of gravitation describes a rela- tionship between space, time and ??? 3) True or false: Vacuum energy is an underlying ener- gy that permeates all of space. 4) The nature of ??? is mysterious and thought to be responsible for the accelerat- ing expansion of the Universe. 5) Einstein describes his cosmological constant as ???. a) a shining achievement b) his biggest blunder c) a term needed to describe an expanding Universe. Answers on page 2 Copyright (C) 2013 Weekly Science Quiz All rights reserved.