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March 20, 2013     Sentinel Tribune
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SENTINEL TRIBUNE Wednesday, March 20, 2013 Page 3 Alfalfa-corn rotation WWG board sruggles with budget -- From poge 1 increases yield and reduces nitrogen fertilizer needs Farmers usually enjoy a yield boost when corn is planted following an alfalfa crop. The major reasons: reduced pest and disease pressure, better soil struc- ture that enhances root growth and water infiltra- tion, and an altered soil microbial community, says Jeff Coulter, acom agrono- mist with University of Minnesota Extension. Alfalfa also reduces nitrogen fertilizer needs in corn. Nitrogen fertilizer for first-year corn following a good alfalfa crop can often be reduced by up to 100 percent, and by about 50 percent for second-year corn. The nitrogen passed on to the com is largely due to additions of nitrogen- rich inputs from alfalfa to soil organic matter. These include alfalfa leaves and stems lost during harvest, alfalfa stand losses over time, turnover of thin alfalfa roots, and substanc- es that exude out of alfalfa roots. They mineralize rap- idly after alfalfa is termi- nated and release nitrogen for at least two years. With funding from the Minnesota Corn Growers Association, the Minnesota Agricultural Fertilizer Research and Education Council, and the Minnesota Agricultural Water Resource Center, Coulter and co-workers recently completed on-farm research that confirms the nitrogen "credits" from alfalfa to corn. From 2009 to 2011, research on first-year nitro- gen credits was conducted on 31 farms across Minnesota and Wisconsin with medium- to fine-tex- tured soils. Only three of the 31 farms had increases in grain yield from adding nitrogen fertilizer to first- year corn after alfalfa. The three responsive farms had fine-textured soils and excessive early-season pre- cipitation, which likely slowed mineralization. It was also found that nitro- gen fertilizer rates could be reduced if the nitrogen was sidedressed rather than applied near planting. In 2011 and 2012, research on second-year nitrogen credits was con- ducted on 11 farms in Minnesota with medium- to fine-textured soils. Surprisingly, four of 11 farms required no nitrogen fertilizer to maximize grain and silage yield. The eco- nomically optimum nitro- gen rate varied among the seven responsive farms, but was often at least half as large as that for continuous com. As in first-year corn, sidedress applications of nitrogen allowed growers to reduce fertilizer rates without sacrificing yield. "Farmers are our active research paltners, and help us perform the field opera- tions," Coulter says. To help spread the word on the results, nine on-farm field days were held over the last three years and were attend- ed growers and farm advi- sors managing over one million acres of farmland. More details on University of Minnesota Extension corn production are available at http://z. umn.edu/com. Counselor Mona Ourada outlined her counseling program. She talked about things she does with various classes. She works for about three weeks with the seventh grade on Human Sexuality; values and choices; dating; relationships; and sexu- al abstinence. Eighth grade -- Future choices career unit; short and long term goals including college choices. Ninth grade -- COPS career assess- ment; high school graduation require- ments. Tenth grade -- Job shadow - career exploration; healthy dating relation- ships; sexual harassment and assault. Eleventh grade -- ASVAB career assessment; exploring different careers; financial aid for college; PSAT testing; and set up college visits. Twelfth grade -- College fair at SMSU - senior visit; college placement tests; resume and cover letters; local scholarship programs; parent fmancial aid meeting; letters of recommendation; college applications; financial aid appli- cations; help students in dan- ger of not graduat- ing. When she is not working directly with scheduled classes Ourada spends a lot of time talking with kids one on one. She helps them with prob- lems of harass- ment, bullying, interventions with teachers and stu- dents. Teachers come to her if they have con- cerns with studerts who seem to have protlems -- including problems away fron school. Most of her day is unscheduled, but she always has things to keep her busy. A board member asked what the differ- ence is between a counselor and a social worker. A counselor has to have a Masters degree to work in a school. Social workers can work with a BA degree and they deal mostly with fami- lies. She also listed about 35 other coun- seling duties she does on a regular basis. Among those duties she feels being in the halls to talk to students is one of the most important. The senior class will be leaving on their class trip to New York and Washington D.C. Wednesday March 27 and return Monday April 1, 21 students will be going. However, they have had to cancel the Statue of Liberty and Ellis Island tour due to the hurricane. They also will not be able to tour the White House in Wash'mgton D.C. Athletic director Leo Theisen report- ed enrollments for baseball put the school in the class AA baseball for sec- tion play. Due to lack of numbers Theisen rec- ommended the board suspend the soft- ball agreement with RRC. The board voted to drop out of the soft- ball pairing agreement with RRC. He also told the board that Wabasso decided not to join WWG and RRC in track. Principals elementary report by Paul Olson. Preschool screening will be Wednesday April 4 from 8:00 a.m. to 2:00 p.m. Preschool and kindergarten roundup will be held Thursday April 5 at 6:00 p.m. prior to the K-3 elementary concert. Olson reported on a pilot test program for first and second grade kids. The testing was done to make earlier assessments of that age group, as the state testing does not start until the 3rd grade. The summer lunch program will be held again this year. High school principals report by Bill Richards. The high school spring play "Heaven Can Wait," will be presented March 20 through March 23. Feed back from National Honor Society held in conjunction with band concert was positive. Police Chief Alan Wahl requested to host an "Active Shooter Training," after school the latter part of March or early April. The training would involve area law enforcement doing a mock shooter situation. The board approved the "Active Shooter Training." Richards told the board about receiv- ing $3,000 worth of science lab equip- ment from the Southwest Research and Outreach Center at Lamberton. He said we are looking at applying for the Monsanto Grant for up to $25,000. Superintendent Woelber commented the summer rec program will hire an adult director and a student in both sites. Friday special events will continue with movies, bowling, and strawberry pick- ing. Woelber said he will raise funds needed to build ticket booths for the football field. He said the Lion mem- bers volunteering to take tickets at ath- letic events save the district about $3,500 a year. Woelber talked about legislative matters. He is hoping the legislature passes funding for full time kindergar- ten. He said the Board of Teaching is addressing bullying. The governor backed off on some of the revenues he previously proposed -- it's anybody's guess what will happen with school funding. Action was taken on the following items: Approved cashing small CD's of a few older scholarships and putting them in with other savings accounts. Approved SWWC Service Coop contracts for 2013-14 for $170,660.96 - $176,054.71. Tabled overload compensation for three teachers. Tabled capital outlay approval until the April meeting. Approved resolution Discontinuing and Reducing Educational Programs and Positions. Approved collaborating with Greater MN Family Services of a full time person in Walnut Grove building at a cost of $10,000. Approved the dissolution of Girls Softball with RRC for the 2013 season. ASK A TROOPER BY JACALYN STICHA What is an Ignition Interlock and who can have it? Effective July 1, 2011, first-time alcohol offend- ers with an alcohol con- centration of 0.16 or above and all second-time alco- hol offenders have the option of regainhg their driving privileges by par- ticipating in the Minnesota Ignition Interlock Device Program. Drivers whose licenses are canceled and whose privileges are denied as "inimical to public safety" are required to enroll in the Ignition Interlock Device Program for a peri- od of three to six years in order to regain full driving privileges. The Ignition Interlock Device Program enhances public safety by giving the eligible alcohol offender the option of having an ignition interlock device installed on his or her vehicle, helping to ensure safe and legal driving. The device is the size of a hand-held calculator and includes a blowing tube. It prevents a vehicle from starting if it detects a cer- tain alcohol concentration level after the driver blows into the tube. The device is installed near the steering wheel and connected to the engine. The Ignition Interlock Device Program is admin- istered by the Minnesota Department of Public Safety Driver and Vehicle Services Division (DVS). Send questions about igni- tion interlock to DVS at dvs.ii@state.mn.us or (651) 296-2948. *DPS OTS Website con- tent FUN & HAPPENINGS IN OUR AREA ................................. .............................. trlr'$ PARTY seeyour We strive to be the best place in town to have a drink, play pool or darts and meet friends, old and new. With an immense cocktail list; outstanding munchies and a fun, casual atmosphere, it's a scene away from the usual bar scene. After all, it's not just another bar, it's a classic o neighborhood hangout. ON/OFF SALE IHH 628-4645. Jeffers, MN orders/pre-orders are To-go always welcome Westbrook, MN 507-274-5352 Sunday, March 24, 2013 Serving 11:00 a.m. - 1:00 p.m. St. Mary's Church Basement, Tracy, MN (Elevator Available) Prepared and served by the men & women of the Parish MENU: Roast Beef & Pork, Homemade Mashed Potatoes & Gravy, Green Beans, Rolls, Relishes, Cake, Pie, Coffee & Milk TAKE-OUT & DELIVERIES AVAILABLE Call (For carry out - pickup at back door of church basement) $ ~USTER Whopper Feed 5:00-7:00 PM Games from 7:00-Midnight Bean bag tourney. Jingo Bingo, and other games for those 18 and older. Beer Garden and Frozen Drinks Westbrook Community Center Saturday, March 23 Proceeds to Westbrook Park and Pool Fund Sponsored by W.A.K 2,2,,, fundraiser for the fire department Community Center Pulled pork sandwich dinner up to $2,ooo For meal delivery, call 507-626-0652