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SENTINEL TRIBUNE Wednesday, May 29, 2013 Page 8 COLLEGE NEWS Gundermann receives SMSU Scholarship Southwest Minnesota State University in Marshall, Minn., is proud to announce that Stephanie Gundermann, daughter of Steven and Tracy Gundermann of Westbrook, Minn., has been selected to receive a Leadership Scholarship and College Now Scholarship for the 2013-2014 academic year. Recipients of this scholar- ship are recognized for their academic accomplishments and outstanding leadership abilities. Her planned major field of study is social work. mmer By Paul Olson, Principal WWG Elementary School The Westbrook Walnut Grove School is participat- ing in the Summer Food Service Program that is free to all children, 18 years of age and under. They will be serving lunch from 11:00 a.m. to 12:15 p.m .starting on Tuesday, May 28. This program will serve the last summer meal on Wednesday, July 3. All students are eligible for this free lunch program. There is no charge. Again, meals will be provided to all chil- dren without charge. Acceptance and participa- tion requirements for the program and all activities are the same for all regard- less of race, color, national origin, gender, age, or dis- ability and there will be no discrimination in the course of meal service. Meals will be provided at the Walnut Grove School lunchroom Monday through Thursday from 11:00-12:15 p.m. from May 28 through July 3, 2013. Transportation to and from lunch will be your own responsibility. Doors will not open until 11:00 a.m. There will be summer cleaning going on in the school so the students are asked not to run around inside or outside the build- ing before and after this noon meal. There will be no supervision outside the school building. Again, the students are asked not to come until 11:00 a.m. or later for each meal. Once students are done eating, they are asked to go back to their normal daily activities. In accordance with fed- eral law and U.S. Department of Agriculture policy, this institution is prohibited from discrimi- nating on the basis of race, color, national origin, sex, age, or disability. If you have any questions call Paul Olson at 507-859- 2141. They appreciate your attention to the time frames for this program. They would like to remind parents that they are not to eat off of their child's plate. If they see this happening you will be asked to leave. This is a federally funded program for students only. They would like to continue providing this opportunity for children. They would lose funding if they allow this to happen. This is high- ly stressed at their applica- tion workshops. This will continue to be a wonderful opportunity for the students with your help. e in t '1 )n Luverne Seifert and to survive as they are faced Darcey Engen, Co-Artistic with the play's prevailing Directors of a site specific question-How far will a traveling theater collabora- town go to save itself?. We tive that brings professional are looking for 8-10 actors, and community actors ages 16 and up, to perform together to perform in clas- speaking roles alongside sic plays, will be offering 3 professional actors from the free voice and performance Guthrie Theater, Children's workshops for community Theatre, Ten Thousand actors ages 16 and up. Things and many others. *Worthington, MN It's an incredible opportu- Friday, May 31, 7:00 to nity to perform with an 8:30p at the Pioneer Village amazing group of profes- Big Barn, 1600 Stower sional actors and the expe- Drive, Worthington, MN rience is flee! The produc- 56187 tion will take place in the *Westbrook, MN historic buildings and Saturday, June 1, 10:30 to around the grounds of The 12:00 noon, Westbrook Freeborn County Historical High School stage 344 8th Museum. Audience mem- Street, Westbrook,MN bers will be lead to areas on 56183 the historical site where *Lake Benton, MN they will watch scenes Saturday June 1, 4:00 tounfold and experience the 5:30p, Lake Benton Opera mounting tension in the House, 118 East Benton play from close range. Street, Lake Benton, MN Rehearsals and perfor- 56149 mances will all take place Get on your feet and from August 1-4. Anyone play! Is a free voice, physi- interested in taking the cal comedy and devising workshop, please contact workshop that will explore Darcey Engen at Engen@ creating comedic characters augsburg.edu. through games, clowning The project is being techniques and improvisa- spearheaded by Luverne tion along with practical Seifert, professional actor/ voice exercises that can be director in the Twin Cities used to improve projection and Head of the B.A. and diction for the actor Theatre Performance pro- and public speaker. All gram at the University of ability levels are welcome Minnesota and Darcey and encouraged! This Engen, performer and Chair workshop is non-stressful of the Theater Arts Program and heavy on fun! at Augsburg College in Immediately following Minneapolis. the workshop, anyone inter- This activity is made ested will have the opportu- possible in part by a grant nity to audition for roles in provided by the Minnesota a professional theater pro- State Arts Board through duction happening in your and appropriation by the community this summer. Minnesota State Legislature We will be casting roles for from the State's arts and a site-specific production of cultural heritage fund with THE VISIT, a dark comedy money from the vote of the that explores the values, people of Minnesota on choices and consequences November 4, 2008. of a small town struggling We kly Science Quiz by Douglas Clark Centrifugal vs. Centripetal I went to my daughter's open house at school last Friday and afterwards we played a bit of tether ball before heading home. And while I'm not that great at tether ball, I can explain the forces involved in the game. Centrifugal force is what is often used to describe what happens to the ball as it rotates around the pole---it's being pushed as far away from the pole as possible. But in actuality, centrifugal force is a fictitious force. The only force being applied to the ball, pulling it toward the center of rotation, is a cen- tripetal or center-seeking force. There is nothing actu- ally pulling the ball away from the string, what you have is just inertia as described by Newton in his First Law of Motion: An object at rest remains at rest unless acted upon by a force and an object in motion remains in motion--at a con- stant velocity--unless acted upon by a force. Newton based his first law on the work of Galileo, who described what he called the Law of Inertia: "A body at rest remains at rest and a body in motion continues to move at constant velocity along a straight line unless acted upon by an external force." Until Galileo, it was thought that one must exert a force in order to keep an object in motion. Galileo rec- ognized that the reason mov- ing bodies eventually come to rest is because of resis- tance forces such as friction. Without friction, bodies would continue to move at constant velocity. But I digress... So if you were to cut the rope as the ball is rotating what would happen? Some might think that the ball would fly away from the pole, but that's not correct. The ball would actually move perpendicular to the pole, due to inertia. The centripetal force of the rope works against inertia by keeping the ball from travelling in a straight path. It is this con- stant struggle against inertia that makes it seem that the ball is trying to move away from the pole. What we call a centrifugal force is actually just the effect of inertia work- ing against the centripetal force. Your welcome. 1) The force that keeps a tether ball traveling in a con- stant orbit around a pole is called ???force. a) mechani- cal b) centrifugal c) gravi- tational d) centripetal 2) A force is a ???. a) type of energy b) push or a pull c) mass at constant velocity d) all of these 3) True or false: The Earth spinning on its axis generates a centripetal force. 4) The Law of Inertia was first described by ???. a) Aristotle b) Galileo c) Newton d) Einstein 5) The First Law of Motion was described by ???. Answers on page 2 Copyright (C) 2013 Weekly Science Quiz All rights reserved. CLASSIFIED CALL 274-6136 OR 1-800-410-1859 Subscribe to the Sentinel Tribune 212675 PWSID: 1170005 City of Westbrook 2012 Drinking Water Report The City of Westbrook is issuing the result= of monitoring done on its drinking water for the period from January 1 to December 31, 2012. The purpose of this report is to advance consumers' understanding of drinking water and heighten awareness of the need to protect precious water resources. Source of Water The City of Westbrook provides drinking water to its residents from a groundwater source: two wells ranging from 428 to 588 feet deep, that draw water from the Undifferentiated Cretaceous aquifer. The Minnesota Department of Health has determined that the source(s) used to supply your drinking water ls not particularly susceptible to contamination, ff you wish to obtain the entire source water assessment regarding your drinking water, please call 851-201-4700 or 1-800-818-9318 during normal business hours. Also, you can view it on line at www.heatth.atate.mn.us/divs/eh/waterlswl:gswa. Call (507) 274-6712 if yOU have questions about the City of Westbrook ddnking water or would like information about opportunities for public participation in decision= that may affect the quality of the water. Results of Monitoring No contaminants were detected at levels that violated federal drinking water standards. However, some contaminants were detected In trace amounts that were below legal limits. The table that follows shows the contaminants that were detected in trace amounts last year. (Some contaminants are sampled less frequentlt than once a year;, as a result, not all contaminants were sampled for in 2012. If any of these contaminants were detected the last time they were sampled for, they are included in the table along with the date that the detection occurred.) Key to abbravletlens: MCLG-Maximum Contaminant Level Goal: The level of a contaminant in drinking water below which there is no known or expected risk to health, MCLGs allow for a margin of safety. MCL--Maximum Contenllnant Level: The highest level of a contaminant that is allowed in drinking water. MCLs are set as dose to the MCLGs as feasible using the best available treatment technology. MRDL-.Maximum Residual Disinfectant Level. MRDLG-Maxlmum Residual Disinfectant Level Goal. AL--Action Level: The concentration of a contaminant which, if exceeded, triggers treatment or other requirement which a water system must follow. 90th Percentile Level-This is the value obtained after disregarding 10 percent of the samples taken that had ttm highest levels. (For example, in a situation in which 10 samples were taken, the g0th percentile level is determined by disregarding the highest result, which represents 10 pement of the samples.) Note: In situations in which only 5 samples are taken, the average of the two with the highest levels is taken to determine the 90th percentile level. ppm--Parts per million, which can also be expressed as milligrams per liter (mg/I). PWSID: 1170005 ppb-Parts per billion, which can also be expressed as micrograms per liter (pgll). N/A-Not Applicable (does not apply). Contaminmt (units) Fluoride (ppm) MCLG MCL 4 4 1.1-1.5 1.3 I ..... I 10.4 10.4 ' N/A .12 Typical Source of Contaminant J State of Minnesota requires all municipal water systems to add fluoride to the drinking water to promote strong teeth; Erosion of natmal deposits; Discharge from fertilizer sad aluminum factories. I Rtmofffrom fertilizer use; I_caching from septic tanks, sewage; Erosion of natural deposits. I Runofffrom fertilizer use; Leaching from septic tanks, sewase; Erosion of natural deposits. I By-product of drinking water disinfection. Nitrate (as Nitrosen) (ppm) Nitrite (as l ' 1 .01-.43 .43 Nitrogen) (ppm) TTHM (Total 0 S0 N/A .8 trihalomethanes) ! (ppb) (08/29/201 l) i . *This is the value used to determine compliance with federal standards. It sometimes is the highest value detected and sometimes is an average of all the detected values. If it is an average, it may contain sampling results from the previous year. Contaminant (units) ****Highest and Lowest Monthly Average. *****Highest Quarterly Average. Typical Source of Contaminant Water additive used to control microbes. Contaminent 900 Level# sites J 1 I !T ,picslsoureeofContaminem,t [ Copper(ppm) 11.3 I L31.2 10 out of l 0 l Corrosion ofhousehold plumbing systems; Erosion ofI (06/17/201 I)I I I I I natural deposits. I ' Lead(ppb)' [0 [ 15I 2.6 I loutof]0 J Corrosion ofhouseh01d plumbing systems; Erosion of (06/17/2011)[ J I J I natural dPsits" If present, elevated levels of lead can cause serious health problems, especially for pregnant women and young children. Lead in drinking water is primarily from materials and components associated with service lines and home plumbing, City of Weatbrook ia responsible for providing high quality drinking water, but cannot control the variety of materials used in plumbing components. When your water has been sitting for several hours, you can minimize the potential for lead exposure by flushing your tap for 30 seconds to 2 minutes before using water for drinking or cooking. If you are concerned about lead in your water, you may wish to have your water tested. Infomlatlon on lead in ddnking water, testing methods, and steps you can take to minimize exposure is available from the Safe Ddnking Water Hotilne or at http://www.epa.gov/safewatertlead. Monitoring may have been done for additional contaminants that do not have MCLs established for them and are not required to be monitored under the Safe Dnnking Water Act. Results may be available by calling 651- 201-4700 or 1-800-818-9318 during normal business hours. PWSID: 1170005 Compliance with National Primary Drinking Water Regulations The sources of drinking water (both tap water and bottled water) include rivers, lakes, streams, ponds, reservoirs, apdngs, and wells. As water travels over the surface of the land or through the ground, it dissolves naturaUy-o~urring minerals and, in some cases, radioactive material, and can pick up substances resulting from the presence of animals or from human activity. Contaminants that may be present in source water include: Microbial contaminants, such as viruses and bacteria, which may come from sewage treatment plants, septic systems, agricultural livestock operations, and wildlife. Inorganic contaminants, such as salts and metals, which can be naturally-occurring or result from urban atormwater runoff, induatdal or domestic waatewater discharges, oil and gas production, mining, or farming. Pestle~des and herbicides, which may come from a vadety of sources such as agriculture, urban atormwater runoff, and residential uses. Organic chemical contaminants, including synthetic and volatile organic chemicals, which are by-products of industrial processes and petroleum production, and can also come from gas stations, urban utormweter runoff, and septic systems. Radioactive contaminants, which can be naturally-occurdng or be the result of oil and gas production and mining activities. In order to ensure that tap water is safe to drink, the U. S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) prescribes regulations which limit the amount of certain contaminants in water provided by public water systems. Food and Drug A.dmlnlalration regulations establish limits for contaminants in bottled water which must provids the same protection for public health, Drinking water, including bottled water, may reasonably be expected to contain at least small amounts of some contaminants. The presence of contaminants does not necessarily indicate that water poses a health risk. More information about contaminants and potential health effects can be obtained by calling the Environmental Protection Agency's Safe Ddnking Water Hotline at 1-800-426-4791. Some peopla may be more vulnerabla to contaminants in drinking water than the general population. Immtmo-compromlsed penmns such ea persons with cancer undergoing chemotherapy, persons who have undergone organ transplants, people with HIVIAIDS or other Immune system disorders, some elderly, and infan~ can be particularly at ~ from infections. Theaa people should seek advice about drinking warn" from their hseith care providers. EPA/CDC guidelines on epproprlata means to lessen the risk of infection by Cryptosporidium and other mlcrobMI contaminants are available from the Safe Drinking Water Hotlins at 1-800-428.47~1. This report will not be mailed to cus- tomers of Westbrook Water Systems. A copy of this report is available at Westbrook Public 556 1st Ave., Westbrook, MN