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Westbrook, Minnesota
October 12, 2011     Sentinel Tribune
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October 12, 2011

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SENTINEL TRIBUNE PORK 0000ONTI] Wednesday, October 12, 2011 Page 10 We salute our Pork Producers Pigs, Pork, Swine Facts * Swine were among the first of all animals to be domesticated --around 6,000 years ago. The Chinese were the first to raise wild pigs for food. * The Spanish explorer Hernando DeSoto brought the first swine to the New World in 1539. * A pig's squeal can range from 110-115 decibels. Compare that to the Concorde jet, which is usually under 112 decibels. * Female swine are called sows. Sows give birth to litters of pigs twice a year. Each litter usually has eight to 12 baby pigs. Giving birth to baby pigs is called farrowing. * Baby pigs appear very greedy when they are competing for food from their mothers. For this rea- son the words "pig" and "hog" have come to be associated with greedy behavior. * Pigs are weaned when they are two to four weeks old. They are called "nursery pigs" until they reach 50 pounds and "growing/finishing pigs" from then until they reach about 240 pounds. After that they are called hogs. Hogs are usually taken to market when they weigh 240-280 pounds. * In the past hogs were fed table scraps and had a reputation for eating just about anything. The meat from hogs fed that way was very high in fat. The " hogs would eat corn, grass, clover or even table scraps that would have otherwise have become gar- bage. The word "hogwash," meaning something that is worthless, came from this practice. * In some areas hogs would be turned out to find their own food. Hogs would roam freely, eating what they could find-- acorns from the ground or roots, which they dug from the ground with their snouts. On Manhattan Island, New York, the hogs rampaged through grain fields until farmers were forced to build a wall to keep them out. The street running along this wall became Wall Street. * Today's swine producers are more careful about what they feed their animals. Modern hogs eat corn, wheat and soybean meal. Vitamins and minerals are added to increase growth and improve health. * Today's hogs weigh more, but because producers plan their diets carefully, they grow n3ore efficiently and yield more lean meat than eL ....... * Pork provides protein, B-vitamins and thiamin to our diets. Pork has three times as much thiamin as any other food. Thiamin changes carbohydrates into energy and promotes a healthy appetite. * Insulin and about 40 other medicines are made from pigs. * Pigs are not dirty. They can't sweat, so they roll in the mud to keep cool. * Pig heart valves have been used to replace dam- aged human heart valves. * Pig fat can be used in YOUR PORK AT Wester's Locker! 507-274-5900 536 1 st Ave.   \\; Stop inand pick up some pork for you and your family 274-5555 Westbrook weed killers, chalk, cosmetics, floor wax, crayons and antifreeze. * A pig can run a seven-minute mile. * Hogs do not overeat. They eat until they are full. * Hogs are smart animals. They learn to push a lever in the barnyard to get a drink of water or a dish of food. They have been taught to tumble, race, pull carts, dance and hunt. * Pigs are brave. One pig named Priscilla saved a boy from drowning. She is in the Pet Hall of Fame. * The family name for hogs is Swine. The mother is a sow, and the father is a boar. Babies are called pigs. * Sows are great mothers. There are usually eight or nine baby pigs to a litter. Sometimes a mother sow may accidentally lie down on one of her pigs. To help prevent this the farmer uses a special stall that provides a place beside the sow for the baby pigs to go when the mother is getting up and lying down. 18749 "No man should be allowed to be President who does not understand hogs." - President Harry Truman Go ahead, Ham itup! ,-- It's Por00( Month! Sentinel rib00ne Westbrook, MN 507.274.6136 INTEGRITYIBAJ00K 187567 187531 * Hogs come in different colors. Small Yorkshire hogs are snowy white. Duroc-Jersey hogs are brick red. Poland China hogs are black and white. * Colonists in Pennsylvania developed the practice of "finishing" hogs on corn (feeding them nothingbut corn in the few weeks before butchering them). This practice improved the quality of the pork and laid the foundation for the modern pork industry. * In the colonial US, hogs were driven to market in large droves over trails that later became routes used by the railroads. * Hog raising became an important commercial enterprise during the 1800s when the Midwest farm regions were settled. The new Erie Canal system gave farmers a way to get their hogs to the cities back east. Farmers started calling their hogs "Mortgage Lifters" because the profits from their sales helped pay for the new homesteads. * Soldier pigs have gone to war. They have served as mine sniffers in battlefields. * The heaviest hog in history, Big Bill, weighed 2,552 pounds. * Pigs are curious and like to keep busy. Some farmers entertain their pigs with beach balls and old tires. Pigs also enjoy listening to music. * Early American pigs traveled west in crates hung from covered wagon axles. * People around the world eat more pork than any other meat. In the US it ranks behind beef and poul- try. * Pigs weigh about 2 1/2 pounds at birth. * When fully grown, boars (male hogs) may weigh more than 500 pounds, and sows (female hogs) may weigh from 300-500 pounds. * Most hogs are sold when they are 6-7 months old and weigh about 210-250 pounds. If hogs are kept longer they are usually used for breeding. First Security Bank Fb-li 507-445-3417. Storden 2286. We Salute ALL area PORK PRODUCERS! JPidne-er eed.00 I Michael Hass J ptorden and Westbrook 507-274-5],,3