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SENTINEL TRIBUNE EDUC',.. 0000TION . Wednesday, November 9, 2011 Page 8 SCHOOL MENU November 14-18, 2011 fajatas, lettuce, tomatoes, Monday: Chili/crackers, spanish rich, corn, fresh grilled cheese, relish, pears, oranges, wheat bread, milk milk Thursday: Italian dunk- ers, green beans, carrot Tuesday: Pancakes or sticks, peaches, milk French toast, sausage, cheese Friday: Chicken fillet/ omelets, juice, wheat bread, bun, sweet potato fries, milk mixed fruit, carrot sticks, Wednesday: Chicken cake, milk Weekly @ Sclpnce Quiz by Douglas Clark Ever-expanding Universe Congratulations to Perlmutter, Schmidt and Riess for being award the 2011 Nobel Prize in Physics for their discovery of the accelerating expansion of the Universe. For nearly a cen- tury, we have known that the Universe is expanding as a result of the Big Bang about 14 billion years ago. However, their discovery in 1998 that this expansion is accelerating is astounding and has turned cosmology on its head. By studying more than 50 distant supernovas over time they discovered that not only is the universe expanding, but at an ever-accelerating rate. Supernovas are explod- ing stars similar in mass to the Sun but much denser. Supernovas can briefly out- shine a whole galaxy. What they discovered was that their light was weaker than expected--a sign that the expansion of the Universe is accelerating. When we look at distant galaxies and supernovas we see that they are moving away fxom us, and more dis- :ant: ones are moving away ' faster so really its not just an expansion away from us. Everything is moving away from everything else--space itself is getting bigger. One would expect the expansion of the universe is something that would slow down, due to the gravita- tional attraction of every object to every other object in the universe. But we are not completely baffled. Einstein, in his general theo- ry of relativity, predicted that even empty space has ener- gy-what we call dark ener- gy. The acceleration is thought to be driven by dark energy, but just exactly what that is remains perhaps the greatest mystery in physics today. What is known is that dark energy makes up about 74% of the Universe. This dark energy pushes space itself and causes distant gal- axies Co move away from us faster and faster, and this is where the acceleration comes from. So cosmologists are attempting to understand what is going on. Is it really dark energy or some modifi- cation of that, or is it a modi- fication of Einstein's theory of gravity? Either way, it appears that the Universe will continue to expand, and galaxies will continue to move away from us. In 100 trillion years the last star will go dark and the Universe will become a very cold and lonely place. It reminds me of the science fiction short story "The Last Question" written by Isaac Asimov in 1956. In the story, the supercomputer known as AC was asked how the threat to human existence by an eventual heat death (lack of free energy) can be averted. Every time the question was posed, the computer respond- ed "insufficient data", but in the last scene, the god-like descendants of humanity watch as the last stars flicker out as the Universe approach- es its heat death. Humanity asks the computer one last time and even though it can- not answer, it continues to ponder the question even after all life ceases to exist. Eventually the computer comes up with an answer, but since there is nobody to report it to, it decides to show the answer by revers- ing entropy. The story ends with "And AC said: 'LET THERE BE LIGHT!' And there was light--" 1) True or false: We live in a Universe that will eventu- ally contract. 2) One of the greatest mysteries in science is a) supernovas b) gravity c) dark matter d) dark energy 3) True or false: A super- nova can briefly outshine a whole galaxy. 4) True or false: In 1998, it was discovered that the rate of expansion of our Universe is increasing. 5) A supemova is similar in size to the Sun, but Answers page 2 Copyright (C) 2011 Weekly Science Quiz All rights reserved. Augustana College Band Festival Amy Nelson, Caleb Dusek, Jarett Herder, Maddie Frank, Xong Yang, Nancy Yang, Andrew Merrick, Amelia Malmberg have been chosen to represent Westbrook Walnut Grove High School at the 54th Annual Augustana College Band Festival, November 11-12, on the Augustana College Campus. About 300 high school instrumentalists and 70 band directors repre- senting schools from Iowa, Minnesota, and South Dakota will attend the two-day event. Brenda Derickson will accompany her student musi- cians to the festival. Up to twelve students from each school may be nominat- ed for the festival, and the top musicians from the five-state region are chosen for the event, Those selected spend their weekend attending rehearsals, clinics, recital, and recreational activities. A Grand Finale Concert will be held Saturday, November 12, at 6:30 p.m. in the Mary V. Sommervold Hall of the Washington Pavilion. The concert will feature the Augustana Band, conducted by Dr. Bruce T. Ammann and the three festival bands. Participating high school musicians will perform in one of the three Festival bands, under the direction of guest conductor Mr. William Brent, Director of Bands at Northwestern State University of Louisiana, Dr. Greg Handel, Professor of Music Education of /Northwestern State University of Louisiana, and Dr. Bruce T. Ammann, Director of Bands at Augustana College. The Grand Finale Concert is open to the public and fam- ily and friends are encouraged to attend. Tickets are available by either going in person, online, or calling the Washington Pavilion Box Office at (605) 367-6000. CLASSIFIED ADS WORK Notes By William Richards High School Principal Integrity and Communicating between public and private life. Students wrote about parents who kept at the them on the straight and narrow, brothers Speed of Stupid or sisters who were always there to help, TI ere are times I take a while to get to other students who remained their friends the point wandering through a few forests through thick and thin and adults who and rivers on side trips. If you want to use were honest with them though not in a a 'cheat code' (ask a teenager) just skip to mean way. Student responses focused the last paragraph .... Or wait for the story on loyalty and being there when needed to unfold and see it all in context, which is more closely associated with a Last week was an exciting and draining definition of true friendship. week with volleyball, field trips, parent Though the word may not have been in teacher conferences, more new students their mind during the field trip, I observed joining us and old ones saying goodbye several students display integrity as they as they moved on to other schools. This interacted and shared with each other. I week highlights the junior high theater wonder if they give extra credit on the test production of Shoestring Theater and the for displays of integrity and don't deduct next week is the high schools musical too much for answers that feature one of "Jungle Book". our local banks. CONFERENCES: If you did not get a Love all, trust a few, do wrong to none. chance to be at conferences and want to ~William Shakespeare visit, please give us a call. The high HANDS: Bumpy bus supervision is school had a great turn out and it was always fascinating! As technology has very helpful to visit in person with so many accelerated the ability to and speed of of you. The face-to-face conferences are access to info and people, the tone of bus much more informative and revealing rides has changed. In the dark, on the than a note or email. The opportunity to way home, an eerie glow pulsed though easily share and question in person is a the bus as texting, video games, web great way to build trust and understand- access, photo sharing and videos popped ing. Taking the time for conferences is on and off like twinkle lights at Christmas. also a strong message to your children There is no pillow so soft as a clear that education is important to you. conscience. ~French Proverb FIELD TRIP: 155 students and 22 staff The direct danger in this techno won- and bus drivers traveled to the cities for der, unlike Thursday's face-to-face parent exposure to the Ordway Center for teacher conferences is that it allows you Performing Artsandthe Science Museum. to communicate at the speed of stupid. It was a great trip. Not everyone liked the Words can fly faster than a volleyball Phantom of the Opera version we saw at spike and with the accuracy and clarity of the Ordway but they were respectful and a midsummer rain shower. The responses could articulate plusses and minuses of and misinformation can multiply faster the show. The Science Museum had a than head lice at a hat party. movie about the Amazon (a little dizzy in Imagine yourself with a microphone in the IMAX theater), an exhibit about weath- the middle of a filled baseball stadium try- er and another about identity (my favorite) ing to whisper that you have to go to the as well as many other regular features, bathroom or that Mary has on an ugly pair The ride was long, crowded, bumpy (Hwy of shoes or much worse. INSTANTLY 14 -say no more) but the students took it everyone in the stadium knows and all in stride! shouts things back at you. The stadium is For those who like to be frugal, this was the web and the shouting is the flood of a great deal because the Ordway provid- info that even one little comment elicits. ed reduced price tickets and bus subsi- Like the stadium with its hundreds of dies. The Science Museum also provided security cameras and tweeters, assume reduced price tickets so that it was a very everything on the web is public and that economical trip! someone has a copy forever. Your life INTEGRITY: The state writing test could be altered and ruined like the poor given at 8:30 a.m. on Wednesday asked man who was blamed for the Chicago students to write about INTEGRITY and Cubs World Series failure. It is more .to .provide examples.. | thought that this. important thar, i ever.lto not only write about was a difficult assignment because integ- integrity but to be a person of integrity in rity can be an elusive concept. Like good public and in private. With technology and art, you know it when you see it. If you are the web everything is or will be public. checking your dictionary as I did to refresh Character is much easier kept than my understanding of the word, you may recovered. ~Thomas Paine have found something similar to mental LAST PARAGRAPH: In real life, unlike and physical adherence tO a strict moral video gaming and its virtual relatives, code or undivided consistency in a per- there are no cheat codes to good com- son's life in thought word and deed in munication or integrity. Both require slow, public and private. Those who have it careful work that builds your character don't flaunt it and strive as we may, we one word and one deed at a time. are often not consistent as we move Fo_. v__o0 !00lternationall00dLJcation Ceek at SMS Sell, or Rent in the Classified ads Sentinel Tribune Ph. 274-6136 or 1-800-410-1859 We are proud to be the original state-of-the-art small town fitness center in our area. Centers in Slayton, Tracy, Milroy, Lake Benton, Lamberton, and now Balaton have followed our lead. WWG continues to use profits from the center to help fund our summer recreation programs. Part of the reason for this success is by getting by with 5-hour-per-week employees with Dixie in Westbrook and Kellie in Walnut Grove. These two ladies are available to help sign up new members and keep current members updated. The Blue Cross Blue Shield fitness center discounts continue to be a great source of revenue for both of these fitness centers in the area. We are looking for ideas to renovate and improve our centers and programs. I am hopeful we can keep that "big time" center feel in our small towns. It is difficult to keep everyone happy with only 5 hours a week for administration of the centers but it is good for the bottom line of the school. Please contact Dixie 7 days a week in Westbrook at home 274-6327 or her cell at 829-0007 any time from 8 - 6 and LEAVE A MESSAGE! Please contact Kellie at the Walnut Grove School at 859-2141 from 8-4 and LEAVE A MESSAGE! If you do not get a response within 24 hours please contact me by calling or texting 828-6608 from 6 a.m. - 10 p.m. and I will assist. These ladies have been with me since the beginning and take great pride in our centers. Hours at both cent ; are 5:30 a.m. - 10:30 p.m. 7 days a week. I also welcome comments at this number or email me at lwoelber@ mntm.org and I will be happy to respond. We cannot keep these centers at their best without your feedback regarding customer service, room atmosphere and equipment. 228521 Loy Woelber, Superintendent Southwest Minnesota State University will host its 12th annual International Education Week, Nov. 14-19. A number of events are planned on campus to cele- brate the week, which is coordinated by the International Student Services and the International Student Organization. Kal Bhakri from Nepal, an SMSU senior, will talk about his experiences working in Kenya last summer during a noon presentation on Monday, Nov. 14 in Charter Hall 201. Bhakri, working for an organization called Thinkimpact, spent his sum- mer in an impoverished vil- lage and helped residents there learn to grow their own vegetables in a greenhouse he constructed. James Chepyegon, a Kenyan international student who was awarded the "Kenyan Student of the year" award in Minnesota, will be honored at a 2:30 p.m. recep- tion on Tuesday, Nov. 15 in Student Center 237. The annual International Art Festival will be held from 5-8 p.m. on Wednesday, Nov. 16 in the Conference Center Upper Ballroom. The event features song, dance, fashions and more from the university's interna- tional student population. SMSU has 132 international students representing 21 countries. Just 250 tickets will be sold to the International Art mWWG Jr. High School Play m 8HOE$00 THEATRE By Eddie McPherson At the Westbrook High School Auditorium $2.00- Students, $4.00- Adults. Friday November 11th: 1:00 pm matinee and 7:00 pm performance. Saturday November 12th: 7:00 pm performance See ya at the show! 82 Festival, and they can be obtained in Student Center 237. Silent auction items will be on display all week in SC 237. It is not necessary to purchase a ticket to bid on items. International students will assist in holiday decorating on Nov. 17 and 18. The week concludes with the third annual Holiday Arts and Craft Sale and Flea Market, held from 10 a.m.-4 p.m. in the upper level of the Student Center. Over 40 vendors from four states will be on hand. International students will also have craft booths. The event is free and open to the public. For further information, call 507-537-6018. 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